Top Programming Languages to Learn for 2023
30 December 2021

Top Programming Languages to Learn for 2023

The fact that you can learn independently and a degree is not always necessary made programming so popular among those who want to make a career change. However, this phenomenon raised many questions from beginners looking for advice on how to learn. From which is the best place to start to which are the top programming languages to learn for 2022, this article will help you get some answers.


1. Python

Python

Python undoubtedly tops the list. It is commonly thought of as the best programming language to learn first because it is very approachable. It is a fast, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy programming language that is widely used to develop scalable web applications. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built using Python. 

The programming language provides a great starting point for beginners. If you’re looking for one of the more accessible and popular coding languages to learn, you should definitely try Python! A lot of startups use Python as their primary backend stack and thus this opens up a lot of opportunities for full-stack Python developers. 

If you plan to get into the data science or AI industry, you will almost certainly have to learn Python. It can also be used in other fields, such as web development. The versatility and accessibility make it an excellent choice for beginners.

The typical entry-level Python programmer salary in the United States is $65,000 per year (or $30.7 per hour), as per Indeed. However, skilled Python engineers make an average of $114,000 each year (or $53.9 per hour), whereas middle Python developers make $82,000 per year (or $38.8 per hour).


2. JavaScript

JavaScript

JavaScript is one of the most well-known programming languages and  is designed for frontend development, with strong demand and a strong following. JavaScript is used by many well-known IT companies such as Uber, Google, and Microsoft, to name a few. Developers find the language attractive because of its interoperability with well-known frameworks like Vue, Node, and React.

Today, many organizations, often startups, use NodeJS, a JavaScript-based run-time environment. Node.js lets developers use JavaScript for server-side scripting—running scripts server-side to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user's web browser. That’s how JS can now be used for both server-side and client-side scripts. If you are looking for that cool tech job at your favorite startup, you should seriously consider learning JavaScript.




3. C/C++

C/C++

C and C++ have a significant presence in the world of programming. Almost all low-level systems, such as operating systems and file systems, are written in C/C++. If you wish to be a system-level programmer, these are the programming languages that you should learn. 

Even though it’s an oldie among the programming languages, C and C++ are generally used by people who continue to work on Microsoft and Windows. These programming languages are suitable options for video game developers as they can be utilized for various applications and also for Unity 3D as well. Since these programming languages have a long-standing impact on the ones that are widely used today, experts believe that professionals should not ignore these and grasp the fundamentals of C and C++.


4. Java

Java

Java is an object-oriented programming language and is also one of the most popular ones. Its well-known concept of write-once can run everywhere, which allows Java programs to run on any system that runs on Java, without the need for recompilation. Specialists use it to work on web development, virtual applications for mobile phones and desktop devices.

When it refers to server-side application development, Java is the undisputed king. Java has traditionally been the most popular programming language for creating Android apps.




5. Swift

Swift

Swift has been in the industry since 2014 and is mostly used for developing applications for iOS. Even though the language is quite new, experts think that it deserves high priority. With features like open-source code and simple syntax, one of its greatest advantages is its superb integration with Objective-C. Also, Swift can be integrated with FlappyBird, Mozilla Firefox, and WordPress. If iOS development seems up your alley, then you should learn Swift.


6. Matlab

Matlab

MATLAB is a statistical analysis tool that is used in various industries for fata analysis. MATLAB is used widely in the computer vision and image processing industry as well. This is excellent for those who want to work with machine learning and deep learning, computational finance, and signal processing and communications, among many other fields. Scientists and engineers use it in various industrial sectors to process data, make algorithms, review the outcomes of the research, and process images.




7. Kotlin

Kotlin

Kotlin is a general-purpose, statically typed programming language. Because its primary objective is the JVM, its architecture is entirely compatible with Java. It also compiles to javascript or native code, making the development of Android applications considerably faster and more efficient. 

 As It is compatible with Java, developers use this feature very often, so they do not need to rewrite the code, all they need to do is to use Kotlin. The specialists, who used Java in the past, often choose Kotlin, because it seems more sophisticated and modern. You can see this language in a variety of sectors. It is used for making Android applications mostly. In the past people used Java for it. To succeed and grow as an IT specialist you will need to know both Kotlin and Java.


8. R

R

The R programming language is one of the most commonly used languages for data analysis and machine learning. R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful machine learning algorithms. It is also used for general statistical computing. Enterprises often make use of R. Those who wish to join the analytics team of a large organization should think about learning R.




9. Go (or) Golang

Go (or) Golang

Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language designed by Google. It provides excellent support for multithreading and so, it is used often by companies that rely heavily on distributed systems, and also by startups in Silicon Valley. Those who wish to join a Valley-based startup specializing in core systems may want to learn Golang.


10. PHP

PHP

PHP is among the most popular backend programming languages and it's the easiest language to learn. Though PHP faces tough competition from Python and JavaScript, the market still needs a large number of PHP developers. Those who wish to join a reasonably well established organization as a backend developer should consider learning PHP programming. PHP is an Object-Oriented Programing (OOPs) language and can generate dynamic page content. It is used by facebook, and also used in many popular CMS like wordpress, drupal.


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